U.S. District Judge A. Wallace Tashima Says Arizona Textbook Ban based on Discriminatory Intent
According to a report by the Associated Press, a U.S. District Judge has ruled that there was discriminatory intent behind the outlawing of Mexican American Studies being taught in the Tucson Unified School District.
A federal judge in Tucson, in a finding made public last Tuesday, Aug. 22, 2017, ruled that an ethnic studies ban in Arizona that shuttered a popular Mexican-American program was enacted with racial discrimination. The 2010 law dismantled the Tucson Unified School District program, launching months of protests by students and parents who said it enriched school performance.
Judge Tashima was critical in his ruling of former state education leaders Tom Horne and John Huppenthal, who railed against the program and helped pass the law that ended it.
“Additional evidence shows that defendants were pursuing these discriminatory ends in order to make political gains. Horne and Huppenthal repeatedly pointed to their efforts against the MAS program in their respective 2011 political campaigns, including in speeches and radio advertisements. The issue was a political boon to the candidates,” Tashima wrote.
Huppenthal said he was not surprised by the ruling and said it was meaningless because the law is not likely to be enforced in the future.
“The concern about what was going on in those classes was very real,” Huppenthal said.
His new concern “would be if they crank up all that stuff of teaching students that Caucasians are oppressors of Hispanics,” Huppenthal said.
Un juez federal en Arizona dictaminó el pasado 22 de Agosto que una ley estatal, en vigor desde enero de 2012, para prohibir en las escuelas de Tucson las clases de estudios México-americanos, fue promulgada por razones raciales y políticas y por lo tanto es anticonstitucional.
El dictamen del juez A. Wallace Tashima se deriva de
una batalla legal que comenzó en 2010, cuando la Legislatura de Arizona aprobó una ley que prohíbe las clases que “promueven el derrocamiento del gobierno de Estados Unidos, o promueven el resentimiento hacia una raza o clase de personas”.
Tashima dictaminó que la ley había sido promulgada por razones raciales, lo que viola las disposiciones de igualdad de protección de la Enmienda 14, y por razones políticas, que viola la Primera Enmienda.
“Varios de sus comentarios transmiten animosidad hacia los estadunidenses de origen mexicano en general”, escribió el juez.
“Federal judge says Arizona’s ban on Mexican American studies is racially discriminatory”